Teaching Children About Healthy Relationships: A Guide for Parents

Building and fostering relationships are an essential part of life. This guide can help you give your child a headstart.

Teaching Children About Healthy Relationships: A Guide for Parents


Raising children involves more than ensuring their physical well-being; it's also about nurturing their emotional and social development. One of the fundamental aspects of this is teaching them about healthy relationships. Children are observers and often mimic the behaviours they see around them, making it essential for parents to actively model positive interactions. Here’s how you can teach your young children about healthy relationships effectively.

Start early

It's never too early to begin teaching children about healthy relationships. From a young age, children can learn the basics of empathy, respect, and communication. These foundational skills are the building blocks of healthy relationships. Simple activities like sharing toys, taking turns, and expressing feelings appropriately can set the stage for more complex social skills later in life.

Model positive behaviour

Children learn a great deal from watching their parents and caregivers. Demonstrating healthy relationships in your interactions with others can have a profound impact. Show respect in your communications, manage conflicts calmly, and exhibit empathy. When children witness adults handling disagreements constructively and showing kindness, they are more likely to replicate those behaviours.

Teach empathy and compassion

Empathy is the ability to understand and share another person's feelings. Teaching children to be empathetic helps them develop deeper connections with others. Encourage them to think about how others might feel in different situations. Books and stories are excellent tools for this, as they allow children to explore various perspectives and emotions.

A mother sitting on a couch reading a book to her daughter on her lap iStock

Encourage open communication

Effective communication is crucial for healthy relationships. Teach your children to express their feelings and thoughts openly and respectfully. Create an environment where they feel safe to share their experiences and emotions without fear of judgment. Listening to them attentively and validating their feelings fosters trust and shows them that their voices matter.

Set boundaries and respect personal space

Understanding and respecting personal boundaries is a critical aspect of any relationship. Teach your children about the importance of personal space and consent- no secret keeping can be an important lesion. Explain that it’s okay to say no if they’re uncomfortable with something, such as hugging adults, and that they should respect others’ boundaries as well. Role-playing scenarios can help children practice these skills in a safe setting.

Discuss different types of relationships


Children should learn that relationships come in various forms, including friendships, family ties, and later, romantic relationships. Explain the differences and similarities between these relationships, emphasizing the importance of respect and kindness in all interactions. This understanding helps them navigate social situations more confidently and appropriately.

Handle conflicts constructively

Conflicts are a natural part of any relationship. Teaching children how to handle disagreements constructively is essential. Encourage them to use words to express their feelings rather than resorting to physical actions. Teach problem-solving skills and the importance of finding a compromise. Demonstrating conflict resolution in your interactions can also provide a powerful example.

Two children fighting over an article of clothing while mother holding baby in the background tries to mediate iStock

Promote teamwork and cooperation

Many aspects of healthy relationships involve working together toward common goals. Activities that require teamwork, such as group games and projects, can help children learn to cooperate, share responsibilities, and support each other. These experiences reinforce the value of collaboration and mutual respect.

Highlight the importance of trust and honesty

Trust is a cornerstone of any healthy relationship. Teach your children the value of honesty and dependable behaviour. Explain that trust is built through consistent actions and that being trustworthy helps strengthen relationships. Reinforce this by acknowledging and praising their honest behaviour and reliability.

Address unhealthy relationships

It's equally important for children to recognize the signs of unhealthy relationships. Discuss unacceptable behaviours, such as bullying, manipulation, and disrespect. Use age-appropriate language to explain why these behaviours are harmful and how they can affect others. Encourage them to speak up if they encounter such situations and assure them of your support.

Children laying on their stomachs in a vertical row reading stories together iStock

Foster self-esteem and independence


Healthy relationships are built by individuals who have a strong sense of self-worth and independence. Encourage your children to develop their interests and hobbies and praise their efforts and accomplishments over perfection. A child with healthy self-esteem is more likely to form positive relationships and resist negative peer pressure.

Utilize educational resources

There are numerous resources available to help teach children about healthy relationships. Books, educational programs, and activities designed for children can be very effective. Resources that include characters and stories that children can relate to often make these lessons more engaging and memorable.

Teaching young children about healthy relationships is an ongoing process that requires patience, consistency, and active engagement. By modelling positive behaviour, encouraging empathy, fostering open communication, and providing the tools they need to navigate social interactions, parents can help their children develop the skills necessary for building and maintaining healthy relationships.

These early lessons will serve as a strong foundation for their emotional and social well-being throughout their lives.



Stefanie Peachey is a Registered Social Worker and Accredited Family Mediator. She is the founder of Peachey Counselling and Family Support in Burlington and Oakville, ON.

If you are in Ontario and need support, please connect with us.

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Stefanie Peachey is a Registered Social Worker and Accredited Family Mediator. She is the founder of Peachey Counselling and Family Support in Burlington, ON. Through her work as a mental health professional, Stefanie’s goal is to normalize the reality that everyone faces challenges. When you are struggling, it’s easy to assume you are the only one with problems. However the truth is quite the opposite. At some point or another, we all face issues and could use some support. As a working mother of four children, 10 and under, Stefanie really understands the daily challenges of taking care of yourself and others while trying to maintain a sense of purpose and balance. Life is amazing and wonderful but it’s also busy and messy and at some point, we all face challenges. Whether that be navigating a difficult separation and divorce, an abusive partner or mental health concerns, Stefanie believes having a sense of control when faced with change and disruption is one of the keys to staying resilient and positive. Through her work, she empowers people of all ages with tools and coping skills that allow them to move through life ,with confidence and courage. Stefanie believes that with proper support, anyone who is motivated, can create positive change in their relationships and their life. She also feels that everyone should have access to affordable counselling, whether in person or online. Her specialized services include Separation and Divorce Counselling, Parenting Plan Assessments, Mediation for Parenting Plans, Co-Parent Counselling, Collaborative Law and Voice of Child Reports. Workshops and online courses available include Kids First Co-Parenting, Respectful Relationships Group and Mental Health for the Workplace program. You can learn more at