Plant-based diets make headlines for being healthy for our bodies and planet, but that doesn’t mean that every plant-based food is the best choice—especially when it comes to kids. Are milk alternatives unhealthy for kids? Though almond, coconut and rice milk have been growing in popularity among parents, experts say many of these drinks don’t have the nutrients kids and babies need.
Today, the Dietitians of Canada and the Canadian Paediatric Society made a joint statement to urge parents to use caution when choosing beverages. The statement mentions that there have been recent cases of infants and young children becoming malnourished after being fed plant-based milk alternatives as their primary beverage. The reason? Most of these beverages don’t contain the protein, fat and calories kids need.
Current recommendations from the Canadian Paediatric Society say that babies should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months (though formula works if you can’t breastfeed). Then they can continue to have breast milk as long as parents wish, but whole cow’s milk can be started around a year, and 2% can be started when a child is two years old or growing well.
Dietitians of Canada say children ages two to eight should get two cups of cow’s milk or fortified soy milk a day to provide protein, calcium and vitamin D. Other plant-based milks just don’t have the vitamin or protein content to nourish growing bodies. Here’s what you need to know.
For normal growth and development, babies require the calories, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals that are found in breastmilk or infant formula. There is no milk alternative that can provide that level of nutrition.
Not every child needs to drink cow’s milk. Yes, it’s offered at every daycare, and if your child loves cow’s milk, that’s great. But if your family follows a vegan diet or your child has a milk allergy, rest assured that they can still be well-nourished without dairy milk. Soy milk that’s fortified with vitamins and minerals can support protein, vitamin D and calcium requirements.
While cow’s milk contains eight grams of protein per cup (and soy milk has seven grams), most other milk alternatives contain just one gram of protein. If your child chooses milk alternatives, make sure they get protein from other sources, such as lentils, beans, eggs, poultry or fish.
Take a look at the list of ingredients. Water, added sugar, a smidgen of nuts and some vitamins. They are not a nutritional powerhouse in a child’s diet.
Your lactose-intolerant child can still drink lactose-free milk or take lactase pills before eating dairy-based foods. If your child has a milk allergy, soy milk is a good alternative to cow’s milk.
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